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Home of the Ancient Ones - The Anasazi

Throughout El Morro Valley, lie scattered the ancient ruins and mounds that long ago were great community centers of the Anasazi - The Ancient Ones.  During the 1200s AD,  there was massive human migration into El Morro Valley, drawing together social groups with diverse origins and social practices to form new communities, creating situations ripe for social change.  An Anasazi community we now call "Atsina Pueblo" sprang up, high atop El Morro Mesa, with 875 rooms, 1000-1500 residents and was 2-3 times larger (in population) than present day Ramah, NM and larger in size than the better known Pueblo Bonito in Chaco Canyon.







Atsinna Pueblo - El Morro Mesa

What awful event forced the Anasazi to flee their homeland, never to return?  Toward the end of the 13th century, some cataclysmic event forced the Anasazi to flee their cliff houses and their homeland and to move south and east toward the Rio Grande and the Little Colorado River. Just what happened has been the greatest puzzle facing archaeologists who study the ancient culture.




Riddles of the Anasazi Learn More

Atsinna Pueblo Story - Photos

Atsinna Pueblo Virtual Re-creation

Satellite View of El Morro National Monument

Community Formation and Migration in the 13th Century El Morro Valley, New Mexico

The People of the Mountains, Mesas and Grasslands

Community Planners, Architects and Builders

The Mysterious Migration:

Early Puebloans Abandon Their Pueblos

El Conquistador - Vasquez de Coronado’s 1540

Quest for Cibola - The Seven Cities of Gold

Pedro de Castañeda's Journal in 1540 to 1542
   The Journey of Coronado - Internet Archive   
   The Journey of Coronado - Portal of Texas History

Coronado Expedition: From Compostela to Cibola

Coronado Expedition: From Cibola To Quivira

Coronado's Exploration Into the American Southwest

Cities of Gold

This view of the Pueblo of Zuni, New Mexico in the late 1800's gives a fairly accurate idea of the appearance of Hawiku, on its low hill, when the Coronado army attacked in July, 1540.

1859 - Camel Caravan Along The Ancient Way

El Morro National Monument Commemorates U.S. Camel Corps

History of the US Military Camel Caravan

Camel Expedition

The U.S. Army Camel Corps

The Geology of El Morro National Monument

Zuni Hawikuh Pueblo - “Seven Cities of Gold”
Where Conquistador Coronado Meets the Zunis

Hawikuh Pueblo - Seven Cities of Cibola

The Zuni Way - Smithsonian Magazine

Hawikuh and the Zuni-Cibola Complex

Legend of Billy The Kid Living in El Morro Valley

The Old-timers in Ramah can tell you about another old-timer named John Miller, who wandered into the area in the early 1880's and settled here with his Mexican wife Isadora.  Rumors began spreading.  Supposedly he had confided to several of his closest friends that he was really Billy the Kid.

Learn More

More Stories about Billy The Kid - aka John Miller

The Lost Adams Gold Diggings… In Malpais?

Lost “Train Robbery” Treasure in the Malpais?

In November 1897, the last train robbery of the Santa Fe Railroad occurred near the Malpais. While accounts differ, the perpetrators apparently belonged to the Black Jack Christian gang. Gang members boarded the eastbound train either before or at Grant's Station. About six miles east of Grant, the outlaws disengaged the baggage cars from the locomotive and express car. Using explosives, they blew apart the safe discovering $100,000 in gold and currency. The bandits headed south toward the malpais hoping to lose any would-be trackers in the gnarled lava beds. While some of the outlaws were apprehended, the whereabouts of the gold remained elusive giving rise to speculation that it is still hidden in the Malpais.



The Lost Adams Diggings - Wikipedia

The Canyon of Gold (very good)

The Lost Adams Diggings - Part 1

The Lost Adams Diggings Search

The Lost Adams Diggings Forum

The Zuni Mountain Railroads

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Click to Enlarge

El Malpais:  In the Land of Frozen Fires:
A History of Occupation in El Malpais Country

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Bailing Wire & Gamuza:
True Story of a Family Ranch near Ramah, NM

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The History of Ramah Pioneer Families

History of Ramah, New Mexico, 1876 - 1900 by Irving Telling

Journal of the life of Samuel E Lewis

The Tietjen and Berryhill Families of Western NM

Ernst Albert Tietjen Histories

Books About Ramah Pioneers

by Author Gary Tietjen

Growing up in Ramah 1915 - 1937

by Ivan Merriman Lewis  

Voices from the Trading Post:

Paul D. Merrill - Ramah, NM  1919 - 2010

Ramah New Mexico Photo Gallery

Travail & Tragic Days at Savoia

Whatever happened to Billy The Kid?

Includes the history of Ramah Pioneers who knew John Miller

Ramah Oldtimers

Joel Nicoll & Kirk Clawson playing Bluegrass

 

“Kirk reminisced about the old days, when he used to play with the band, “We played all night for three dollars and still saved money.”

Learn More

The rich musical history of Ramah, New Mexico was recently made into digital recordings from crumbling analog tapes.

Listen Ramah Juke Box

Wolves, Moonshine and Billy The Kid - Navajo Times

All About Billy the Kid and Other Famous Criminals
of the Wild West
    (provided by Corinne C.)

About Billy The Kid

DNA could solve mystery of Billy the Kid

Outlaw: Billy The Kid

Officials could face charges for digging up alleged Billy the Kid


Timeline: The Life and Legend of Billy the Kid

Billy the Kid and Pat Garrett — The Shadow of Doubt

Long Lost Jailhouse Interview with Billy The Kid

Whatever Happened to Billy The Kid (A Great Book)

The Death Of Billy The Kid, 1881

How Did Billy the Kid Really Die?   (provided by Corinne C.)

The Night Pat Garrett (Probably) Shot Billy the Kid


Did Billy The Kid Live into Old Age in Candy Kitchen, NM?


A New Billy the Kid?

Billy The Kid: The Legend of El Chivato by Elizabeth Fackler


Billy The Kid in Timberlake?

The West of Billy The Kid by Frederick Nolan


Billy the Kid investigation resurrected

Billy The Kid: The Endless Ride by Michael Wallis




Billy The Kid

Once upon a time, a pool of dependable water at the foot of a great cliff dictated that travelers stop here. It was the only sure water for about 40 miles in any direction. Once it sustained a fairly large ancestral pueblo village atop the bluff before it successively quenched the thirst of Spanish Conquistadores, missionary explorers, and others of the Spanish colony known as Nuevo Mexico.  

Inscription Rock: History Etched In Stone

 Billy The Kid & The Lincoln County War 1/10

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‘By this place passed Ensign Don Joseph de Payba Basconzelos,

in the year in which he held the Council of the Kingdom at his expense, on the 18th of February, in the year 1726.'”


History Along The Ancient Way

Other Factual, Good Books about Billy the Kid

Rivers of Ancient Fires - El Malpais National Monument

El Malpais National Conservation Area

Zuni-Bandera Volcanic Field - Geologic Background

Click to Enlarge

Learn More This Page Updated On May 7, 2024 El Conquistadro - Vasquez de Coronado’s 1540 Expedition Through Zuni and El Morro Learn More La Tinaja, New Mexico

La Tinaja Village

Atsinna Pueblo - El Morro